May 18, 2022

R4R Situation Report: Central America and Mexico (November 2021) – Costa Rica

Situation

PANAMA

As of 30 November, 126,675 people in mixed movements crossed the Colombian border through the Darien Gap and continued north, including 26,000 children (more than half of whom are under the age of 5). The main nationalities remain Haitian (including children born to Haitian parents in Chile and Brazil), Cuban and Venezuelan.

According to health authorities, more than six million doses of the COVID-19 vaccine have been applied and 79.4% of the target population have already completed the basic vaccination schedule. The application of COVID-19 booster doses for people over the age of 18 began on November 24.

R4V protection partners assessed current PSEA capacities and identified actions to be taken to reach full capacity. The establishment of an implementation plan has been agreed as a priority for the first quarter of 2022.

COSTA RICA

Since November 10, the General Directorate of Migration and Immigration has launched an improved web portal, facilitating the process of assigning appointments for passport renewals, immigration regularization procedures, etc.

The State of the Nation Program report released in November confirmed that the pandemic has had an uneven impact on different population groups, while the state has had limited capacity to promote human development. The effects of COVID-19 on the labor market have caused increased unemployment and reduced family incomes, resulting in increased rates of poverty and food insecurity for many – up to 43% of households in poverty. extreme poverty struggled to secure food for their members. In addition, social inequalities are also increasing due to the sharp deterioration in the labor market. The report concluded that women, young people and people with little education were the most affected by rising unemployment. Furthermore, according to the 2021 ENAHO National Household Survey, more than 56% of the total sample faced economic hardship due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

MEXICO

According to media reports, November saw various influxes of mixed movements, particularly Venezuelans and Brazilians, seeking to cross the border into the United States. On November 4, authorities arrested 75 people at the border (58 from Brazil, 16 from Venezuela and one from Portugal) hiding in a truck. Later, on November 11, the director of the Juventud 2000 shelter saw the arrival of a group of 150 Venezuelans and Brazilians. Language barriers did not allow full interviews of band members.